The Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) & How It Will Influence The Treatment of Heart Conditions

February 18, 2021 6:32 am Published by:

The Internet of Things (IoT) has a fundamental role to play in the field of medical services. Smart sensors, gadgets, and advanced lightweight communication methods allow interconnecting clinical devices to screen biomedical signals and analyze patients’ problems without human interference. This part of IoT is referred to as the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT).

For several patients and their doctors, a plethora of devices and smartphone applications have grown to play a vital role in monitoring and avoiding severe illnesses. This technology requires the uses of ECG and EKG displays with a variety of screens. The Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) has arisen by integrating IoT production with tele-medicine along with tele-health techniques. It is also possible to take several other necessary medical tests, such as body temperature, sugar level, and blood pressure readings with IoMT. It is projected that the IoT industry will be worth $6.2 trillion by the year 2025. The medical sector is becoming so focused on IoT technology that healthcare will account for 30 percent of IoT products’ market share.

How is IoMT Helping in Medical Evolution?

Unless patients receive proper medication, the majority of heart attacks end in death. The conventional mode of healthcare is passive, where patients call the health service on their own. Therefore, if they are asleep when heart failure strikes, there is obviously no chance of contacting the service.

In solving the issue of patient care for heart disorders, the Internet of Things (IoT) has tremendous potential as they can alter the service mode in an omnipresent way and activate the healthcare service depending on the physical state of patients. A remote monitoring system is necessary in order to understand the ubiquitous healthcare service.

Treatment of Heart Conditions With IoMT

Today, Internet-connected devices are intended to increase efficiency gains, reduce treatment costs, and drive improved healthcare outcomes. As computing resources and wireless capabilities are improving, organizations have started seeing the Internet of Medical Things technology for what it is: a life saver!

IoMT tools are increasingly transforming healthcare delivery with their ability to gather, interpret, and distribute medical data. These technologies play a crucial role in monitoring and avoiding chronic diseases for patients and physicians, and they are ready to transform the future of treatment.

IoMT’s strengths are more reliable treatments, fewer errors, and lower treatment costs. The technology, together with mobile apps, enables patients to submit their medical information to physicians in order to control diseases effectively, monitor, and avoid chronic diseases.

Not only does this form of technology further enhance the experience of patients by reducing the need for in-person medical appointments, but it also helps to minimize costs. Another beneficial impact of the IoMT is better management of the medication. With the implementation of ‘smart pills’ that include microscopic detectors, which, once taken, can send data to the devices connected.

  • The widespread development and use of the Internet of Things (IoT) in medical research have increased remote health monitoring applications’ efficacy.
  • To continuously track physical events, the IoT is an interconnection of different physical objects.
  • A heart disease monitoring system can record and send the physical data of a patient to a mobile healthcare facility center in real-time using IoT technology.

Note: Many patients balance out the extra costs they pay for the technological intervention by saving on their medication costs using pill cutters.

Cardiac Monitoring System

Three key components that can be used in connected cardiac monitoring systems are:

  • A wireless wearable sensor node
  • A data processing service, and
  • Cloud-based analytical platforms

The electrocardiogram (ECG) sensor node (e.g., ECG patch) and data management service captures cardiac data in a data centre from the wearable system.

Usually, the sensor node is a one or three-lead ECG monitoring unit connected to the patch’s sensors with up to three electrodes (wet or dry).

The cloud-based application collects and analyzes cardiac data using sophisticated algorithms and artificial intelligence (AI) engines to detect possible irregular heart functions. The findings can be applied to the patient’s medical history and made accessible to the specified healthcare agency and the responsible cardiologist.

A Ray Of Hope For The Medical World With IoMT

The Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) now offers the ability to improve the capacity of today’s medical technology further to resolve the problems faced by care providers. These include the rising costs of in-person care provided by professionals and the percentage of patients in the need of care, especially elderly patients.

According to the United Nations’ estimates, the world population is expected to grow from around 7 billion in 2015 to 9.6 billion by 2050. Among these, 1.5 billion will be over 65, and 3.7 million people aged 100 would be there. It is about eight times as many people as are living now.

In the wake of the rising heart failure problems, the medical industry is beginning to explore connected wearable medical devices from the Internet of Things (IoT). The reason being, to help avoid the emergence of heart attacks, equip doctors and patients with the information they need to treat post-diagnosis heart issues better, and ultimately push a decline in heart-related mortality.

This can vary from compact, high-performance diagnostic devices such as 3D scanners to automatic medication or pain relief delivery devices, high-performance scanners, and remote-controlled surgical devices.

IoMT includes massive groups of detectors for intensive monitoring of patients’ vital signs and related environmental factors and sensors for controlling products such as infusion pumps. The  critical features of such devices in the event of vital sign detectors are:

  • Affordable prices
  • Low power consumption
  • Compact size and,
  • A fast and simple non-invasive access to the patient


The IoMT offers improved tracking and supervision functionality by linking smart devices around the Internet, allowing higher quality of treatment for a growing percentage of people with Heart Conditions. Improvements to sensor precision, the convenience of use, and the wearer’s satisfaction will guarantee that the IoMT’s maximum benefits hit the patient all the way. Remote patient tracking, medical wearable devices and artificial intelligence will dramatically improve on the speed and precision of heart disease diagnosis.

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